The governing principle of the mighty universe is al-Tawhid, Oneness of
God and al-‘Adl, justice. This lifelong research discusses its
integration with both the Qur’an and the Sunnah by providing hundreds of
evidences from the principal sources of Islam as well as Muslims
experience since the inception of Islam to date. The work includes eight
1. The administration of justice during pre-Islamic period.
2. Justice through the prism of the Qur’an.
3. The journey of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) from tyranny to justice,
the revival of the religion of the Prophet Abraham (AS).
4. The contribution of the Rightly Guided Caliphs to justice.
5. al-Qadi, the judge and the Law Court.
6. al-Hisbah, the observance of religious duties and socio-economic
justice and its impact on Health Sciences.
7. al-Mazalim, Ombudsman Court.
8. Muslims’ judicial heritage, since the inception of Islam to date.
1844 discovered works on Islamic judicial system have been presented in
chronological order with their thematic assessments. The work also
discusses peace, equality, freedom and human dignity as the legal right
of human beings.
"In these days of heightened Islamophobia and misunderstanding between
those who follow different faiths – or no faiths at all – a book such as
this, written by a British Muslim scholar, with its inspiring dedication
to all those who wish to promote justice, peace and human dignity in the
world, is heartwarming. Dr Surty has produced a work which is
comprehensive in its scope, a veritable encyclopedia about the history
of the Islamic Judicial system. He presents almost two thousand works on
Islamic law, in chronological order, beginning in the earliest days of
Islam and stretching to the modern era. In the process, he discussed a
wide range of themes and legal cases, citing appropriate narratives from
key texts. Here we have a lifetime of research, irradiated by a spirit
of genuine piety and goodwill to humanity, distilled into a single
Professor Carole Hillenbrand, O.B.E., F.B.A.
Professor Emerita of Islamic History
University of Edinburgh
"This is the product of a life devoted to the study of Allah’s
revelation and its propagation and that by a man whose knowledge of all
things Islamic is as pronounced as his protruding love for religion.
This is a monumental work of fifty years of research and a unique
discovery of 1844 works on the Islamic judicial system.
The literary and historical analysis provide exact meanings for terms
like ‘Adl, (Justice), zulm (tyranny), fasad (corruption), haqq (truth),
taqwa (peity) and ihsan (Godliness/kindness). Most relevant is a
discussion of the Constitution of al-Madinah. The book terminates with
the sections on the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs’ contribution to the
development of judicial principles and practice, the set up of Islamic
courts of law, the office of the Qadi, institutions like al-hisba
(market inspection) and al-mazalim (ombudsman) and the Islamic legal
heritage as appreciated today. Sprinkled throughout are altogether 58
historical court cases."
Dr Murad Wilfried Hoffman
Former German Foreign Ambassador & Director of Information for NATO
"Dr Surty began his work on the 9th century scholar al-Khassafi’s
manuscript Adab al-Qadi more than 40 years ago with his PhD thesis at
SOAS, London. Dr Surty has devoted most of his academic life to
collecting material and finally producing this monumental work from an
authentic Muslim perspective. This perceptive study is not only
encyclopaedic in its treatment and scope, but aims to provide the most
rigorous, erudite and inspiring contribution to the field of Islamic
judicial systems ever written in the English language. The attention to
detail within this 800 page volume is second to none and provides an
excellent opportunity for every reader to learn from the amazing amount
of detailed information interlaced with extensive documentation followed
by a comprehensive bibliography. This impressive work is highly
recommended to the world of scholarship in general, and students of
Islamic thought in particular, for further study and reflection."
Dr M Manazir Ahsan, M.B.E.
Director General, Islamic Foundation, UK
Editor in Chief, Muslim World Book review, Leicester, UK
"This is an outstanding work of Islamic scholarship which has no equal
in English. In this monumental book Dr Surty takes us on an engaging and
fascinating journey into the history and practice of Islamic Justice.
The author, an internationally renowned expert on Islam, does not only
traces the development of this important area of Islam but also provides
a precise and in-depth account for the reality of Islamic judicial
Researchers, educators and students will benefit greatly from this
precise and academically accurate book."
Dr Mawil Izzidien
Reader in Islamic Studies
University of Wales